The Africa-EU Energy Partnership took an early lead in setting out targets that could measure progress in increasing levels of energy access, energy efficiency and energy security. Following work by the AEEP Secretariat, in consultation with stakeholders, the AEEP’s 2020 Political Targets were announced at the first of the AEEP’s High-Level Meetings, held in Vienna, Austria in 2010.
Progress towards the 2020 Political Targets was monitored in a series of AEEP Status Reports – the central tool for tracking achievements and challenges, and which helped inform decision-makers and other stakeholders. An initial, comprehensive baseline study, Monitoring Progress under the AEEP, was launched at the AEEP’s First Stakeholder Forum in Cape Town, South Africa in 2012.
Thereafter a series of regularly updated AEEP Status Reports were published, drawing on the AEEP Monitoring Tool. This tool, a power project database, contained more than 3,250 generation projects, along with details of transmission lines, cross-border connections and export markets.
The last update of the AEEP Status Report – the 2017-2018 update – showed that a number of the AEEP’s Political Targets would be met well before or by 2020, while others have fallen short. In some sectors, such as in the installation of solar and hydroelectric power generation capacities, the AEEP’s targets will be spectacularly exceeded. In others, the slow pace of project implementation in much of the last decade has held up development.
The essence of the AEEP’s Political Targets – which blazed a trail when they were agreed by Heads of State and Government in 2010 – have found expression in Sustainable Development Goal 7. The AEEP works to support the achievement of SDG7 in Africa, supporting joint African-European policies, actions and knowledge to this end. In doing so the AEEP continues to contribute to the original AEEP’s Political Targets and more within the new, internationally agreed upon framework of the SDGs.